A Comparison of Mental Disorders in Two Groups of Prisoners Charged with Premeditated Murder and Kidnapping

AUTHORS

Mahmoud Shirazi 1 , muhammad Fardin 2 , * , Ali Arab 1 , Zahra Piri 3

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran, Iran

2 psychology, Iran

3 Department of food research, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical science, Tehran, Iran, Iran

How to Cite: Shirazi M , Fardin M , Arab A , Piri Z . A Comparison of Mental Disorders in Two Groups of Prisoners Charged with Premeditated Murder and Kidnapping, Ann Mil Health Sci Res. 2016 ; 14(2):e12895.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research: 14 (2); e12895
Published Online: May 01, 2016
Article Type: Original Article
Received: May 09, 2017
Accepted: April 01, 2016

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Abstract

Purpose: The current study aimed to compare mental disorders in two groups of prisoners charged with premeditated murder and kidnapping. Materials and Methods: This descriptive study followed a casual-comparative design. The sample of this study included 60 prisoners charged with premeditated murder and 60 prisoners charged with kidnapping selected using simple random sampling method (sortation). To collect data, the Symptom Check List (SCL-90) was used. Results: Results of multivariate analysis of variance indicated a statistically significant difference between these two groups of prisoners charged with premeditated murder and kidnapping regarding mental disorder symptoms(F = 9.746, Wilks’ Lambda = .556, P = .00) such that prisoners charged with premeditated murder suffered from higher levels of anxiety, paranoid thoughts and psychosis and prisoners charged with kidnapping suffered more from depression, somatic symptoms, obsession, and phobia (P = .01). However, no significant difference was found between prisoners charged with premeditated murder and kidnapping with regard to aggression and interpersonal sensitivity (P = .05). Conclusion: The findings of this study revealed that both groups charged with premeditated murder and kidnapping suffer from high means on mental disorder symptoms.

Keywords

mental disorder prison murde kidnapping

© 2016, Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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