Detection of Experimental Cryptosporidiosis in Neonatal Mice and Rats by Nested-PCR

AUTHORS

Mohamad Mohsen Homayoni 1 , Keivan Majidzadeh 2 , Niloofar Taghipour 3 , Niloufar Khalaji 4 , seyyed javad seyyed tabaei 5 , *

1 Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran., Iran

2 Tasnim Biotechnology of Research Center, AJA University of Medical Science, Tehran, Iran., Iran

3 Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Iran

4 Department of food research, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical science, Tehran, Iran., Iran

5

How to Cite: Homayoni M M , Majidzadeh K, Taghipour N , Khalaji N , seyyed tabaei S J. Detection of Experimental Cryptosporidiosis in Neonatal Mice and Rats by Nested-PCR, Ann Mil Health Sci Res. 2016 ; 14(2):e12937.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research: 14 (2); e12937
Published Online: June 01, 2016
Article Type: Original Article
Received: April 02, 2016
Accepted: May 02, 2016

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Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to model Cryptosporidiosis in laboratory animals. The
parasites were inoculated into animalsand thenmultiplied. The process of proliferation was
compared to controlCryptosporidiosis in humans.
Materials and Methods: Twenty-five laboratory mice (4-7 days of age) and twenty-five
laboratory rats (5 days of age) were assigned to the category I while the category II (control
group) consisted oftwenty-fiverats and twenty-five mice. The two categories were infected with
5×105 Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts originated from a calf by using a 24-gauge & 20-gauge
ball-point feeding needle. On 4-9 days of post inoculation the intestine, colon, and rectum
were removed. Cryptosporidium infection was determined by detecting oocysts in intestinal
homogenates by Staining and PCR method. Simple extraction and purification method was
used by ficoll gradient centrifugation. Also, twenty laboratory rats (4-6 weeks of age) were
intramuscularly injected with dexamethasone(Sigma, Chemical Co. UK) two times per week,
and the last injection was given with 5×105 Cryptosporidium parvum oocyst on the same day as
oral inoculation. The water was supplemented with tetracycline to avoiding secondary infections.
Results: Two to four million purified oocysts with a maximum of 10 million were routinely
obtained per mouse and rat. Also the day in which oocyst excretion is the highest was determined.
The number of oocyst per neonatal mouse was (11±2)×105 on 9-12 days of post infection while
similarly it was (10±1)×105 per neonatal rat.
Conclusion: The evaluation of the cryptosporidiosis in immunocompromised animal models
can help us to understand and control the Cryptosporidium infections.

Keywords

cryptosporidium parvum mice rat animal model

© 2016, Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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