Assessing of Sleepiness, Insomnia and Sleep Quality among University Students: Association between Computer Use and Sleep Quality

AUTHORS

Seyedeh Golshan Salehi 1 , Hamid Hassani 2 , * , Alireza Mortezapour Mortezapour 3 , Khosro Sadeghniiat-Haghighi 4

1 School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran., Iran

2 Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Student Scientific Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Petroleum Industry Health Organization (PIHO), Tehran, Iran., Andorra

3 Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Student Scientific Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran., Iran

4 Occupational Sleep Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran., Iran

How to Cite: Salehi S G , Hassani H , Mortezapour A M, Sadeghniiat-Haghighi K . Assessing of Sleepiness, Insomnia and Sleep Quality among University Students: Association between Computer Use and Sleep Quality, Ann Mil Health Sci Res. 2015 ; 13(4):e14583.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research: 13 (4); e14583
Published Online: December 26, 2015
Article Type: Original Article
Received: June 07, 2017
Accepted: November 07, 2015

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Abstract

Purpose: To investigate associations between computer use data and sleep quality among university students. Materials and Methods: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed on 312 students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Data was collected using Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Insomnia Severity Index (TSI), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and a background and computer use questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, independent samples test, Univariate analysis of variance and Chi Square test were used to analyze the data. Results: The final sample was composed of 164 (52.6%) male and 148 (47.4%) female students aged 17-30 years. The mean of assessed sleep indices were not significantly different between the male and female groups (P = .05). Among all the participants, 81.1% were poor sleepers (PSQI ≥ 5), 60.58% of them suffered from insomnia (ISI ≥ 8), and 49.36% of them reported sleepiness (ESS ≥ 10). There was a significant association between the computer work (hours/ day) and ISI and PSQI indices (P = .05). Students who used computer between 24:00 to 2:00 had a meaningful higher ISI and PSQI indices compared to those whose computer use interval was 19:00 to 22:00. The prevalence of eye discomfort and the headache associated with computer use was significantly more common among female students. We found a significant association between the headache precededby computer use and ISI and PSQI indices (P = .05). Conclusion: Poor sleep quality and insomnia were common among university students. The amount of prevalence was higher among nocturnal (24:00-2:00) computer users and those with prolonged durations of use. Also, the headache associated with computer use deteriorates the quantity and quality of sleeping.

Keywords

sleep deprivation psychology quality of life diagnosis differential sleep initiation and maintenance disorders physiopathology prevalence sleep wake disorders epidemiology surveys and questionnaires

© 2015, Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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