The Role of Social Support and Positive Affect on Prediction of Addiction Relapse

AUTHORS

Zahra Nikmanesh 1 , * , Mohammad Hossein Baluchi 2 , Ali Akbar Pirasteh Motlagh 3

1 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran, Andorra

2 Department of Psychology, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran, Andorra

3 Department of Psychology, Organization of Education, Yasog Iran, Andorra

How to Cite: Nikmanesh Z , Baluchi M H , Pirasteh Motlagh A A . The Role of Social Support and Positive Affect on Prediction of Addiction Relapse, Ann Mil Health Sci Res. 2015 ; 13(3):e58240.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research: 13 (3); e58240
Published Online: July 14, 2015
Article Type: Original Article
Received: May 14, 2015
Accepted: June 14, 2015

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Abstract

Purpose: To ascertain the role of social support and positive affect in prediction of addiction relapse. Materials and Methods: The research method was a causal-comparison. Population included all the clients seeking for medical advice in the centers for Addiction Treatment in Saravan and Iranshar. The sample includes 186 participants (83 participants had no relapse and 83 participants had relapses) that were selected by using snowball sampling among those who participated in the centers during four months. The variables were measured by Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support and Positive Affect & Negative Affect Scale. The data was analyzed by the independent test and logistic regression analysis. Results: Findings showed that there was a significant difference between the participants without relapse and the participants with relapse in social support and positive affect. The two variables of social support and positive affect were the best predictors for addiction relapse, respectively. Conclusion: According to the findings it be can be concluded that social support and positive affect have effective role in prevention of clients’ addiction

Keywords

recurrence risk substance-related disorders psychology social environmen

© 2015, Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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