Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research

Published by: Kowsar

Incidence of Palmaris Longus Agenesis in the Young Iranian Population

Manouchehr Safari 1 , Laya Ghahari 2 , * and Kamran Hamzei 3
Authors Information
1 Department of Anatomy, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
2 Department of Anatomy, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Department of Anatomy, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Article information
  • Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research: June 2017, 15 (2); e62310
  • Published Online: June 30, 2017
  • Article Type: Original Article
  • Received: April 2, 2017
  • Revised: May 16, 2017
  • Accepted: June 3, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/amh.62310

To Cite: Safari M, Ghahari L, Hamzei K. Incidence of Palmaris Longus Agenesis in the Young Iranian Population, Ann Mil Health Sci Res. 2017 ; 15(2):e62310. doi: 10.5812/amh.62310.

Copyright © 2017, Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
  • 1. Femi Akinlosotu FE, Omirinde JO. Prevalence of missing palmaris longus muscle in the arm of secondary school children in ibadan. Arch Bas App Med. 2015;3:89-92.
  • 2. Sankar KD, Bhanu PS, John SP. Incidence of agenesis of palmaris longus in the Andhra population of India. Indian J Plast Surg. 2011;44(1):134-8. doi: 10.4103/0970-0358.81448. [PubMed: 21713200].
  • 3. Aversi Ferreira RAGMF, Bretas RV, Maior RS, Davaasuren M, Paraguassu Chaves CA, Nishijo H, et al. Morphometric and statistical analysis of the palmaris longus muscle in human and non human primates. Biomed Res Int. 2014;2014:1-6. doi: 10.1155/2014/178906.
  • 4. Kapoor SK, Tiwari A, Kumar A, Bhatia R, Tantuway V, Kapoor S. Clinical relevance of palmaris longus agenesis: common anatomical aberration. Anat Sci Int. 2008;83(1):45-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1447-073X.2007.00199.x. [PubMed: 18402087].
  • 5. Snell RS. Clinical anatomy for medical students. 7 ed. Boston, United States: Little, Brown and Company; 2007. 2007 p.
  • 6. Venter G, Van Schoor AN, Bosman MC. Degenerative trends of the palmaris longus muscle in a South African population. Clin Anat. 2014;27(2):222-6. doi: 10.1002/ca.22226. [PubMed: 23362128].
  • 7. Raouf HA, Kader GA, Jaradat A, Dharap A, Fadel R, Salem AH. Frequency of palmaris longus absence and its association with other anatomical variations in the Egyptian population. Clin Anat. 2013;26(5):572-7. doi: 10.1002/ca.22186. [PubMed: 23339087].
  • 8. Soltani AM, Peric M, Francis CS, Nguyen TT, Chan LS, Ghiassi A, et al. The variation in the absence of the palmaris longus in a multiethnic population of the United States: an epidemiological study. Plast Surg Int. 2012;2012:282959. doi: 10.1155/2012/282959. [PubMed: 23213502].
  • 9. Kyung DS, Lee JH, Choi IJ, Kim DK. Different frequency of the absence of the palmaris longus according to assessment methods in a Korean population. Anat Cell Biol. 2012;45(1):53-6. doi: 10.5115/acb.2012.45.1.53. [PubMed: 22536552].
  • 10. Mahmood T, Butt KA, Ahmed N, Shahid R, Hussain FN. Prevalence of congenital absence of palmaris longus tendon in healthy volunteers, a cross sectional study. Hand. 2012;79(610):12-95.
  • 11. Hiz O, Ediz L, Ceylan MF, Gezici E, Gulcu E, Erden M. Prevalence of the absence of palmaris longus muscle assessed by a new examination test, (Hiz-Ediz Test) in the population residing in the area of Van. J Clin Exp Invest. 2011;2(3):254-9. doi: 10.5799/ahinjs.01.2011.03.0050.
  • 12. Kigera JW, Mukwaya S. Frequency of agenesis Palmaris longus through clinical examination--an East African study. PLoS One. 2011;6(12):28997. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0028997. [PubMed: 22174943].
  • 13. Eric M, Koprivcic I, Vucinic N, Radic R, Krivokuca D, Leksan I, et al. Prevalence of the palmaris longus in relation to the hand dominance. Surg Radiol Anat. 2011;33(6):481-4. doi: 10.1007/s00276-010-0751-0. [PubMed: 21107568].
  • 14. Alves N, Ramirez D, Figueiredo Deana N. Study of frequency of the palmaris longus musclem in chilean subjects. Int J Morphol. 2011;29(2):485-9. doi: 10.4067/s0717-95022011000200030.
  • 15. Eric M, Krivokuca D, Savovic S, Leksan I, Vucinic N. Prevalence of the palmaris longus through clinical evaluation. Surg Radiol Anat. 2010;32(4):357-61. doi: 10.1007/s00276-009-0573-0. [PubMed: 19816651].
  • 16. Enye LA, Saalu LC, Osinubi AA. The prevalence of agenesis of palmaris longus muscle amongst students in two lagos based medical schools. Int J Morphol. 2010;28(3). doi: 10.4067/s0717-95022010000300029.
  • 17. Mbaka GO, Ejiwunmi AB. Prevalence of palmaris longus absence--a study in the Yoruba population. Ulster Med J. 2009;78(2):90-3. [PubMed: 19568443].
  • 18. Kose O, Adanir O, Cirpar M, Kurklu M, Komurcu M. The prevalence of absence of the palmaris longus: a study in Turkish population. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2009;129(5):609-11. doi: 10.1007/s00402-008-0631-9. [PubMed: 18418616].
  • 19. Sebastin SJ, Lim AY. Clinical assessment of absence of the palmaris longus and its association with other anatomical anomalies-- a Chinese population study. Ann Acad Med Singapore. 2006;35(4):249-53. [PubMed: 16710495].
  • 20. Thompson NW, Mockford BJ, Cran GW. Absence of the palmaris longus muscle: a population study. Ulster Med J. 2001;70(1):22-4. [PubMed: 11428320].
  • 21. Agarwal P. Absence of the palmaris longus tendon in Indian population. Indian J Orthop. 2010;44(2):212-5. doi: 10.4103/0019-5413.61863. [PubMed: 20419011].
  • 22. Abdolahzadeh Lahiji F, Ashoori K, Dahmardehei M. Prevalence of palmaris longus agenesis in a hospital in Iran. Arch Iran Med. 2013;16(3):187-8. [PubMed: 23432173].
  • 23. Christos L, Konstantinos N, Evagelos P. Revision of Carpal Tunnel Release due to Palmaris Longus Profundus. Case Rep Orthop. 2015;2015:616051. doi: 10.1155/2015/616051. [PubMed: 26075127].
  • 24. Iqbal S, Iqbal R, Iqbal F. A bitendinous palmaris longus, aberrant insertions and its clinical impact, a case report. J Clin Diagn Res. 2015;9(5):3-5. doi: 10.7860/jcdr/2015/12182.5954.
  • 25. Kumar N, Patil J, Swamy RS, Shetty SD, Abhinitha P, Rao MK, et al. Presence of multiple tendinous insertions of palmaris longus: a unique variation of a retrogressive muscle. Ethiop J Health Sci. 2014;24(2):175-8. [PubMed: 24795520].
  • 26. Alshaham A. Anomalous V shape palmaris longus tendon, two cases. J Med Cases. 2010;1:68-70. doi: 10.4021/jmc114e.
  • 27. Sebastin SJ, Lim AY, Bee WH, Wong TC, Methil BV. Does the absence of the palmaris longus affect grip and pinch strength?. J Hand Surg Br. 2005;30(4):406-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsb.2005.03.011. [PubMed: 15935531].

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments