Risk analysis of an urban environment under explosive attacks in Tehran

AUTHORS

Mohammad Hossein Lashkari 1 , Mehdi Navidbakhsh 2 , kambiz kangarloo 3 , *

1 Department of Surgery, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Andorra

2 School of Mechanical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran., Andorra

3 Postdoctoral Researcher, School of Mechanical Engineering, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran, Andorra

How to Cite: Lashkari M H, Navidbakhsh M , kangarloo K. Risk analysis of an urban environment under explosive attacks in Tehran, Ann Mil Health Sci Res. 2014 ; 12(4):e62989.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research: 12 (4); e62989
Published Online: September 30, 2014
Article Type: Original Article
Received: June 17, 2014
Accepted: August 21, 2014

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Abstract

Materials and Methods: The first step in predicting blast effects on a target  is  to  predict blast loads on it. In this study a computational fluid dynamics program and analytical methods developed by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) were used to solve two and three dimensional air blast   problems.

Results: Explosions in confined spaces (mines, buildings, large vehicles) which cause structural collapse are associated with greater morbidity and mortality. The reflected pressures for explosive detonations are two to thirteen times greater than peak incident pressures. A rough estimate     of the total casualties following such events are the result of the composition and amount of involved materials, surrounding environment, delivery method, distance between the  victim and the blast, crowd density and any intervening protective barriers or environmental hazards. Conclusion: The extent and severity of damage and injuries in an explosive event cannot be predicted with perfect certainty. Despite these uncertainties, it is possible to give some general indications of the overall level of damage and injuries to be expected in an explosive event based on the size of the explosion, distance from the event and assumptions about the construction        of the building.

Keywords

blast wave risk analysis lethality assessment urban environment Ansys-cfx

© 2014, Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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