Body mass index and composition in physical preparedness of Iranian military personnel

AUTHORS

Hooman Angoorani 1 , Ali Akbar Naghavi-Moghadam 2 , * , Ali Reza Khoshdel 3

1 Department of Sports Medicine, Hazrat Rasool-e-Akram hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran., Andorra

2 Aerospace Medical Research Center, Aerospace and Subaquatic Medical Faculty, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Andorra

3 Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran., Andorra

How to Cite: Angoorani H , Naghavi-Moghadam A A , Khoshdel A R . Body mass index and composition in physical preparedness of Iranian military personnel, Ann Mil Health Sci Res. 2014 ; 12(2):e63375.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research: 12 (2); e63375
Published Online: July 30, 2014
Article Type: Original Article
Received: April 23, 2014
Accepted: June 25, 2014

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Abstract

Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 255 Iranian military personnel were randomly selected. After becoming ensured of the good health of participants, their weight, height and body mass index was determined. The body composition was defined by bioelectrical impedance analysis. Maximum aerobic capacity and metabolic equivalent was estimated using  the Bruce treadmill test. Maximum muscle strength in the trunk and lower extremities was measured by the back dynamometer and flexibility was measured by the sit and reach box.

Results: Maximum aerobic capacity, metabolic equivalents, maximum muscle strength adjusted for  weight and  flexibility had  significant negative correlations with percentage of  body fat    (r = -.172 to -.533) and body mass index (r = -.302 to -.504). Thus the studied factors (excluding flexibility) had more significant association with body fat. There was no significant correlation between pure maximum muscle strength (not adjusted for weight) and body mass index (r = .28, P = .658).

Conclusion: The percentage of body fat and body mass index affect several health-related physical fitness factors including aerobic capacity, metabolic equivalents, flexibility and maximum muscle strength adjusted for weight but not pure maximum muscle strength in military personnel.

Keywords

physical fitness body mass index body composition body fat military personnel

© 2014, Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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