Comparing the Effectiveness of Two Methods of Eye Care in the Prevention of Ocular Surface Disorders in Patients Hospitalized in Intensive Care Unit

AUTHORS

Mahdi Ahmadi-Nejad 1 , Hadi Ranjbar 2 , Nasrin Karbasi 3 , Fariba Borhani 4 , Zahra Karzari 5 , * , Mahdi Moghaddar 6

1 Assistant Professor, Anesthetic group, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Andorra

2 Lecturer, Ethics and Law Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences University, Tehran, Iran, Andorra

3 Assistant Professor, Ophtalmology group, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Andorra

4 Assistant Professor, Ethics and Law Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences University, Tehran, Iran, Andorra

5 Researcher, University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran., Andorra

6 Researcher, Shahid Bahonar Hospital, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, Andorra

How to Cite: Ahmadi-Nejad M, Ranjbar H, Karbasi N, Borhani F, Karzari Z, et al. Comparing the Effectiveness of Two Methods of Eye Care in the Prevention of Ocular Surface Disorders in Patients Hospitalized in Intensive Care Unit, Ann Mil Health Sci Res. 2012 ; 10(4):e68088.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research: 10 (4); e68088
Published Online: December 04, 2012
Article Type: Original Article
Received: September 16, 2012
Accepted: November 14, 2012

Crossmark

CHEKING

READ FULL TEXT
Abstract

Background: Patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit, who have decreased level of consciousness and are receiving sedative and paralytic drugs; lose the protective mechanisms of eyes. Consequently increases the risk of developing ocular surface disorders. Therefore, the aim of this study was to Comparing the effectiveness of two methods of eye care in prevention of ocular surface disorders in critically ill patients.

Material and Methods: In this clinical trial, 42 eligible patients divided in two groups by random allocation method. Each of the eyes in each group of patients randomized to receive one method of eye care. Simple eye ointment was administered every 6 hours and tapes were replaced every 6 hours, too. The eyes were examined daily for ocular surface disorders, by an intensivist and with a portable slit lamp, for seven days. The data were analyzed by descriptive and analytical test (Chi-square, Fisher exact, ANOVA and T-test) with SPSS Ver 20.

Results: Of the 20 eyes that had a positive fluorescein test, three (3.6%) were in the simple eye ointment group and seventeen (20.2%) were in the eyelid taping group. This difference was statistically significant (χ2=12.8, P=0.000).

Conclusion: In the present study, simple eye ointment and had the greatest impact on the prevention of ocular surface disorders than eyelids taping. Thus, using the simple eye ointment for eye care, are recommended.

 

Keywords

Eye care Critically ill patients Ocular surface disorders

© 2012, Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

Fulltext

Full text is available in PDF

References

  • 1.

    References are available in PDF

  • COMMENTS

    LEAVE A COMMENT HERE: