Assessing risk factors associated with pelvic inflammatory disease in Iranian women: a study in Tehran


mehri seifoleslami 1 , * , Farshad Heidari 2

1 Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Faculty of Medicine, Aja University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Andorra

2 Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, Milad Hospital, Tehran, Iran, Andorra

How to Cite: seifoleslami M, Heidari F. Assessing risk factors associated with pelvic inflammatory disease in Iranian women: a study in Tehran, Ann Mil Health Sci Res. 2015 ; 13(2):e62603.


Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research: 13 (2); e62603
Published Online: May 20, 2015
Article Type: Original Article
Received: January 22, 2015
Accepted: April 13, 2015




Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional, descriptive study 1104 women with pelvic inflammatory disease were assessed from May 2010 to March 2011. The data were gathered      by  a questionnaire.

Results: Among the studied women 82.34% were married and 49.37% were 20-30 years old.     Of them 54.89% had their first sexual encounter between the ages of 15-20 years old. 98.10%  had only one sexual partner and 75.54% had not had any new sexual partner one year before     the beginning of study. In 90.22%of cases their spouse had no other sexual partner as well. The number of women experiencing two to three intercourses per week was high (49.37%). Also, 48.46% had one or two previous pregnancies. The most common contraception method was condom (31.06%). Among them, 70.65% had high school diploma or less degrees and 87.04% were in low to middle socio-economic   status.

Conclusion: Pelvic inflammatory disease is more common in married Iranian women aged 20    to 30 years old who have had their first sexual encounter before the age of 20 years old.


pelvic inflammatory disease risk factors prevalence disease control planning Tehran

© 2015, Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.


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