Effect of valsalva maneuver in prevalence of varicocele

AUTHORS

Bijan Rezakhaniha 1 , Soheila Sirousbakht 2 , * , Pouya Rezakhaniha 3

1 Associate Professor, Urology Department, Imam Reza Hospital, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Andorra

2 Assistant Professor, AJA University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran, Andorra

3 Researcher, Tehran, Iran, Andorra

How to Cite: Rezakhaniha B, Sirousbakht S, Rezakhaniha P. Effect of valsalva maneuver in prevalence of varicocele, Ann Mil Health Sci Res. 2013 ; 11(1):e66962.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research: 11 (1); e66962
Published Online: February 09, 2013
Article Type: Original Article
Received: October 09, 2012
Accepted: January 09, 2013

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Abstract

Background: The prevalence of varicocele in employees of musician and transport units of AJA University of medical sciences was evaluated.

Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional study 42 musician and 31 individuals from transport unit of AJA University of medical sciences enrolled. The varicocele was evaluated in left and right testis. The prevalence and grad of varicocele were analysed by χ2 and P<0.05 was statistically considered significant.

Results: The results showed that the prevalence of varicocele in the musician unit (31%) was significantly higher than in the transport unit (10%) (P=0.032), and in the left testis was significantly higher than the right testis. The grad of varicocele in the musician unit was also significantly higher than the transport unit.

Conclusion: It seems that the prevalence and grad of varicocele in the left testis are higher than in the right testis and are also high in musicians who their activities are accompany with valsalva manoeuvre.

Keywords

varicocele Valsalva Maneuver Music Military Personnel

© 2013, Annals of Military and Health Sciences Research. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.

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